Thursday, January 24, 2013

History of Mobile SMS Technology

Latest and newest technologies have been appearing from mankind from time to time. Among the thousand technology, SMS technology started its journey from twenty years ago on 3rd December 1992. The full meaning of SMS is Short Message service. SMS is the most widely used data application in the world and it is an communication protocols that allow the exchange of short text messages between fixed line or mobile phone devices. 

The founder of SMS technology was Matti Makkonen, a Finnish engineer in the field of mobile communications.The first SMS message was sent over the Vodafone GSM network in the United Kingdom on 3 December 1992, from Neil Papworth of Sema Group (now Mavenir Systems) using a personal computer to Richard Jarvis of Vodafone using an Orbitel 901 handset. The text of the message was "Merry Christmas."

Best Hybrid Tablets

Hybrid Tablet is a mix form of  Tablet Computer with ultra-thin Notebook. The Tablet screen can slide back and lift up. It can also use as  a traditional Laptop. Some best Hybrid Tablets are

Toshiba Satellite U920T

Toshiba U920T looks like a regular tablet, albeit a large one at nearly 1.5kg in weight and 22mm in size. Windows 8 O/S used U920T has 12.5in touchscreen. When someone need more than the touchscreen, the Toshiba U920T transforms into a laptop. Its hardware configuration is Core i3-3217U 1.8GHz dual-core processor, 4GB of DDR3 1600MHz RAM and a 128GB SSD for storage.The 12.5in screen has a decent resolution of 1366 x 768. It has HDMI, two USB 3.0 ports, an SD card reader and a headphone jack. In addition there are front and rear facing cameras.

Sony Vaio Duo 11

 For Duo 11 the first impressions will be whether its is a laptop or a tablet. Duo 11 is also Windows 8 O/S based Hybrid Tablet weighted 1.3 kg. The hardware configuration is Core i5 or Core i7 processors, a 1080p touchscreen coated in Gorilla Glass, 4GB or 8GB of 1600MHz DDR3L-RAM, 128GB SSD for storage.The 11.6-inch screen has 1920 x 1080 resolution.It has HDMI, two USB 3.0 ports, an SD card reader and a headphone jack.

HP Envy X2

The HP Envy X2 is a Windows 8 tablet with an 11.6 inch, 1366 x 768 pixel display, an Intel Atom Clover Trail processor, 2GB of RAM and 64GB of storage. It also comes with a keyboard docking station that gives you the choice of using the Envy X2 as a notebook or as a standalone tablet. The whole kit measures 11.9″ x 8.1″ x 0.8″ and weighs about 1.4 kg. The tablet alone weighs about 0.7 kg. The Envy X2 features 2 USB 2.0 ports, 1 HDMI port and front and rear cameras.

Acer Iconia W510 

The Intel Atom Z2760-powered Iconia W510 has a 10.1-inch display with 1366 x 768 resolution that detaches from the keyboard to become a touchscreen tablet.The Iconia W510 consists of two parts. The first is a 10.1-inch tablet. The second part is a keyboard that clips onto the tablet, at which point the tablet becomes the display for what is now a laptop. The tablet has a micro-USB 3.0 port, a microSD card reader, a mini-HDMI out and an audio out. The keyboard has one extra USB port.

Samsung ATIV Smart PC

The 11.6-inch screen Samsung ATIV Smart PC has 1366 by 768 pixels resolutions. Windows 8 O/S powered ATIV Smart PC's hardware configuration is Intel Atom Z2760 processor,
2GB of DDR2 RAM, 64GB flash storage. All major controls are on the tablet part itself. The power button, volume controls, a power jack, one USB 2.0 port and a microSD card slot are built into the tablet. This makes the SmartPC pretty self-contained. The keyboard dock lacks any buttons or controls, but does include two additional USB 2.0 ports and a power connector.

Wednesday, January 23, 2013

Biggest Satellites of our Solar System

1. Ganymede

Ganymede is a satellite of Jupiter and the largest moon in the Solar System. It is larger than Mercury and Pluto, If Ganymede orbited the sun instead of orbiting Jupiter, it would easily be classified as a planet. Ganymede's discovery is credited to Galileo Galilei, who was the first to observe it on January 7, 1610.
Earth, Moon (on the top), Ganymede

 Astronomers using the Hubble Space Telescope found evidence of thin oxygen atmosphere on Ganymede in 1996. The atmosphere is far too thin to support life as we know it. Ganymede is composed of approximately equal amounts of silicate rock and water ice. Ganymede orbits Jupiter at a distance of 1,070,400 km, third among the Galilean satellites and completes a revolution every seven days and three hours.


Titan is a satellite of Saturn and the second largest moon in our solar system. It is the only natural satellite known to have a dense atmosphere. Titan has a diameter roughly 50% larger than Earth's moon and is 80% more massive. Titan was discovered on March 25, 1655, by the Dutch astronomer/physicist Christiaan Huygens. Titan orbits Saturn once every 15 days and 22 hours.

Earth, Moon (on the top), Titan

Titan has a lot of conditions that make it similar to Earth. It is the only moon in the solar system with clouds and a dense, planet-like atmosphere. The atmosphere of Titan is largely composed of nitrogen; minor components lead to the formation of methane and ethane clouds and nitrogen-rich organic smog. The climate—including wind and rain—creates surface features similar to those of Earth, such as dunes, rivers, lakes and seas (probably of liquid methane and ethane), and deltas, and is dominated by seasonal weather patterns as on Earth. It is surrounded by an orange haze that kept its surface a mystery for Earth´s scientists.
Titan is called 'Space Oasis' because of its Natural diversities and change of seasons.

3. Callisto

Callisto is a satellite of Jupiter and  third-largest moon in the Solar System.  It was discovered in 1610 by Galileo Galilei. Callisto has about 99% the diameter of the planet Mercury but only about a third of its mass. Callisto's surface is the darkest of the Galileans, but it is twice as bright as our own Moon.
Callisto is the most heavily cratered object in the solar system. It is thought to be a long dead world, with hardly any geologic activity on its surface. Callisto is very different from other rocky moons in the Solar System. There are no mountains on Callisto. With a surface age of about 4 billion years, Callisto has the oldest landscape in the solar system.

4. Lo

Lo is a satellite of Jupiter and  forth-largest moon in the Solar System. Io is the most volcanically active body in the solar system. It contains above 400 active volcanoes. Lo is a bit larger than the Earth's moon. Its surface is also dotted with more than 100 mountains and some of these peaks are taller than Earth's Mount Everest. 
It was discovered on 8 January 1610 by Galileo Galilei. The discovery of the four Galilean satellites eventually led to the understanding that planets in our solar system orbit the sun, instead of our solar system revolving around Earth. Galilean satellite means the four moons of Jupiter which was also discovered by Galileo Galilei. 

5. Moon

Moon is the only natural satellite of  Earth and nearest large celestial body from Earth. It is the fifth largest satellite in the Solar System. The Moon is the second densest satellite after Lo. From Earth it is the brightest object in the sky after the Sun, although its surface is actually very dark.
The Moon is the only celestial body other than Earth on which humans have set foot. In past civilizations the Moon was regarded as a deity.

Apple iPad Mini review

World renowned  technological industry Apple computer incorporated lunched iPad mini on 2nd November 2012. This tablet has the dimension of 200 x 134.7 x 7.2 mm (7.87 x 5.30 x 0.28 in) and weighted 312 g only. Here 4G Network service technology is used. Its hardware configuration is Dual-core 1 GHz Cortex-A9, Chipset  Apple A5, 768 x 1024 pixels, 7.9 inches display screen.

Its has no features for listening radio but autofocus, face detection featured 5MP 2592x1944 pixels HD Camera and iOS 6 operation system makes the device very much user friendly.

Saturday, January 19, 2013

The cheapest computer of the world

The cheapest computer tablet in the world is named 'Aakash'. This computer tablet is only made for the students of India. It will cost only 1130 rupees or 20 U.S dollars for any student in India. 

The Aakash is made by UK-based company Datawind. Technology writer Prasanto K Roy tests the upgraded version of the world's cheapest tablet computer Aakash 2 and discovers a significantly improved product. Unlike the much-panned first version version launched a year ago, the new Aakash - which means sky - is very usable. It's slim, smart and light, and performs well.

Aakash 2 runs Ice Cream Sandwich, Google's Android 4.0 operating system. Also new is access to the search firm's Play Store, which lets users choose from thousands of apps. This compact tablet has a 7in (17.8cm) display and, at 292 grams (0.6lb), is lighter than the iPad Mini and Nexus 7. The Aakash 2 now uses a capacitive multi-touch display, and a 1 GHz Cortex A8 processor that's three times faster, making touch and apps more responsive. Memory and storage have been doubled, to 512 MB RAM and 4 GB flash, respectively.

Transit of Venus Over the Sun

A transit of Venus across the Sun takes place when the planet Venus passes directly between the Sun and Earth. During a transit, Venus can be seen from Earth as a small black disk moving across the face of the Sun.

This cosmic event took place for the last time in this century on 6th June 2012. This transit  began at 22:09 UTC(Coordinated Universal Time) on 5 June 2012, and finished at 04:49 UTC on 6 June. Depending on the position of the observer, the exact times varied by up to ±7 minutes.

After the invention of telescope, mankind had observed the rare celestial phenomena only for seven times. Transits of Venus occurs in pairs, eight years apart, which are themselves separated by more than a century.

The last transit of Venus was on 5 and 6 June 2012, and was the last Venus transit of the 21st century; the prior transit took place on 8 June 2004. The previous pair of transits were in December 1874 and December 1882. The next transits of Venus will be 10–11 December 2117, and in December 2125.


The biggest solar flare in this decade

A solar flare is a sudden brightening observed over the Sun's surface or the solar limb, which is interpreted as a large energy release. Solar flares were first observed on the Sun by Richard Christopher Carrington and independently by Richard Hodgson in 1859. X-rays and UV radiation emitted by solar flares can affect Earth's ionosphere and disrupt long-range radio communications.

On 24th January 2012 a severe strongest solar flare radioactive wave combed in the earth atmosphere. NASA declares that it is biggest solar flare after 2003's October. The radioactivity of solar flare may not harmful for human but it disrupt satellite and long-range radio communications. This solar flare light was even visible from South Scotland and North England because of its unusual intensity.

Earth's magnetic field protect from solar flare.

Microsoft Windows 8 Surface Tablet

On 26th October 2012 Microsoft released windows 8 operating system running Surface tablet. It was announced on June 18, 2012, by Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer at Milk Studios in Los Angeles.
The Surface comes in two versions: one with Windows RT and another with Windows 8 Pro. The Surface RT model uses an ARM CPU, while the  Surface Pro model will use an Intel CPU. Both models are able to install new applications via the Windows Store, however only the Windows 8 Pro model allows the installation of traditional third-party desktop programs.

Surface RT
Surface Pro

 Surface and Surface Pro have screens of 10.6 inches (27 cm) with a 16:9 aspect ratio. Both tablets use Microsoft's ClearType HD display technology and support an ultra-wide viewing angle and auto-adjusting screen intensity.

Though Surface RT is available only in  Microsoft Stores and online, Surface Pro will be available in late January 2013.

Prices were announced as follows:
  •     Surface with Windows RT, 32 GB (no keyboard cover): $499/£399
  •     Surface with Windows RT, 32 GB with Black Touch Cover: $599/£479
  •     Surface with Windows RT, 64 GB with Black Touch Cover: $699/£559
  •     Surface Touch Cover (white, red, black, cyan, or pink): $119/£99.99
  •     Surface Type Cover: $129/£109.99
  •     Surface Pro with Windows 8 Pro, 64 GB (no keyboard cover): $899
  •     Surface Pro with Windows 8 Pro, 128 GB (no keyboard cover): $999

Tips And Tricks of FarCry 3

The astonishing, the spectacular, the phenomenon first person shooting game FarCry 3, has made huge impact in the world of games. This shooting game has the potential to give limitless thrilling, enjoyment and entertainment  to any gamers. Its immense satisfaction is undeniable for the gamers. 
The game has one of the most outstanding sequence of drama and climax that astonish gamers.

The game's hero is Jason Brody, the young man who came to an unknown island with his brothers and friends. But they didn't excepted to get kidnap by pirates. The game started with the insanity of the pirate's leader Vass, who killed Jason's brother. To avenge his brother and to save his friends, Jason took the path of a warrior. But Vass wasn't the main villain in this game, it was Hoyet the drug lord, who was controlling the whole insane operation on that island. After saving his friends and killing Vass & Hoyet, Jason found himself in a weird situation. In the climax he has to choose to go with his friends or to stay with the natives of the island. But in the end, it's the gamers decision that he will take in this game.       

The tips of FarCry 3: 

  1.  The First important tip in every shooting game is always try to have a full ammo weapon and reload the weapon constantly.
  2. In this game a good cover is very essential. Remember to always find a solid spot to cover, because bullets can penetrate if the cover is weak.
  3.  While you are in a cover, kill the nearest target and don't let the foe come near to you.
  4. If the foe uses any grenade or cocktail, then don't stay in the same cover, try to move quickly to a other cover to another by using sprint.
  5.  Try to shoot at the yellow or red barrels and slanders, it will create an explosion, but try not get caught in the explosion, Otherwise you are dead.
  6.  Try to use Assault guns ( AK407, MS16,etc), because it's better in both long and short range of shooting & it also has a good fire rate. Some guns can be customize, equip silencer and red dot aim.  
  7. At first try to get animal skins for crafting needed bags like weapon hostler, ammo bag, wallet, loot bag, rocket & grenade bags etc.
  8. Try to use your syringes according to your mission and situation, but try to keep more medic syringe than other syringe.
  9.  You should try to capture all the outpost, for accessing all the fast travels in the island.
  10. Try to get control over every radio tower, this way you get full access to the map and get weapons free.
  11. Unlock your skills by gaining EXP, by completing missions and trials, try to use take downs often, because it gives you more EXP.
  12.  Shoot your foes in their heads. But shooting at their face is really better, because sometimes they wear helmets and caps.This will also give you more EXP.
  13. loot every dead body & container  you can find, try to buy maps to find loots and items.
  14. Arrows are very good for long range and silent kill and it can be equipped with grenades & bombs.
  15. Try to complete the side missions, this way you gain more exp and money. 

List of world fastest Supercomputers

World fastest and strongest Supercomputer is Titan of U.S.A. The researchers of U.S and German announced that Titan is the strongest Supercomputer in 2012. The Titan, a Cray XK7 system installed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Tennessee and uses in a variety of science projects. he Titan achieved 17.59 Petaflop/s (quadrillions of calculations per second) on the Linpack benchmark. The computer runs 560,640 processors, including 261,632 Nvidia K20x accelerator cores.

List Of top five Supercomputer in 2012

3.K computer

World's first dual screen notebook

World's first dual screen notebook computer is 'Taichi'. Taiwan based company Asus launched this product in November 2012. Taichi, is an Ultrabook featuring two HD screens, one on the inside of the notebook lid and the other on the outside.  The inside screen functions like a regular display while the outer screen is a touchscreen.
Asus Taichi dual screen windows 8 notebook
 The Taichi’s dual screens measure 11.6 inches and the device will be offered in three different configurations, with either an Intel Core i5 or Core i7 processor.  All will have 4GB of memory and an Intel HD 4000 graphics processor and either 128GB or 256GB of SSD storage. The operating system of this dual screen notebook is windows 8.

Friday, January 18, 2013

The most smallest car in the world

World's most smallest car name is Peel P50 Car. It is a three-wheeled micro-car originally manufactured from 1962 to 1965 by the  Peel Engineering Company . It currently holds the record for the smallest automobile to go into production. It has no reverse gear.

Designed as a city car, it was advertised as capable of seating "one adult and a shopping bag." The vehicle's only door was on its left side, and equipment included a single windscreen wiper and only one headlight.

The P50 used a 49 cc (3.0 cu in) DKW engine which gave it a top speed of approximately 60 km/h (37 mph), and was equipped with a three-speed manual transmission that had no reverse gear.

The Peel P50 was and is still road-legal in the UK. The Peel P50 is now also street-legal in the United States.

In 2010, production of a replica version was started by a newly formed company, called Peel Engineering Ltd based in England (not to be confused with the original Peel Engineering Company from the Isle of Man). Externally this car was very similar to the original but with many major mechanical differences in the suspension, steering and drivetrain. Driven by an electric motor and with a top speed of 16 km/h (10 mph), this version was produced as a display vehicle and was not road legal. In 2011 production commenced on a new road legal petrol version.

The most anticipated technological devices of 2013

6.1 inch Huawei smartphone

This Chinese Huawei smartphone named Ascend Mate not only has 6.1 inch big screen, this phone has 4040mAh super huge Battery. It has 8 mega pixel camera, built-in Dolby Surround Sound System.This phone can be in standby mode for 6 days. It is also waterproof.

Panasonic Tablet

This 20 inch gigantic tablet is much powerful than any other tablet. This portable tablet is not much smaller than TV screen.

Waterproof Smartphone

The Japanese technological device manufacturing company Sony has launched this fully dust protected and waterproof smart phone. It's name is Xperia Z. This Android operating phone is totally safe from heavy rain & deep water. This 5 inch screened phone has quad core snapdragon processor, 1080 pixel display and 13 mega pixel camera. The phone also has HDR (High-Dynamic-Range) feature for making videos.Even you can watch HD movies in shower because it's every part is covered by protective plastic.

  nvidia-project-shield :

The famous graphics chip manufacturing company of  U.S.A. known as nvidia  has launched this device. It will be the first android gaming console which may be available in markets middle of this year. It contains nvidia's 4 tegra processor with 5 inch retina display. It can be add with computer LAN and has HDMI & USB port 

Saturday, January 12, 2013

The review of the call of duty black ops

The thrilling, exciting and realistic 1st person shooting game Call of Duty, is dominating the present era of games. Every gamer of the world knows Call of duty as the ultimate shooting game. The weapons of the modern age gave game more value to the gamers. The art of modern warfare has symbolized this game. The Black ops is one of the spectacular part of Call of duty.

  Call of Duty: Black Ops takes place during the 1960s in the Cold War. It focuses on CIA clandestine black operations carried out behind enemy lines. Missions take place in various locations around the globe such as the Ural Mountains in central Russia, Cuba, Kazakhstan, Hong Kong, Laos, Vietnam and the Arctic circle. The single-player campaign revolves around an experimental chemical weapon codenamed "Nova-6".

The main protagonist the player controls is SAD/SOG special forces operative Alex Mason, occasionally CIA agent Jason Hudson and some other characters are playable to progress the story. Alex is often joined by fellow operatives Frank Woods and Joseph Bowman, while Jason teams up with Grigori Weaver, a Russian-born field operative. Viktor Reznov, a key character from the Soviet campaign in World at War, returns along with that games' Russian protagonist Dimitri Petrenko also making an appearance. Black Ops also features several historical figures: during the story Mason meets John F. Kennedy, Robert McNamara, and Fidel Castro.
On February 25, 1968, SOG operative Alex Mason is strapped to a chair in an interrogation room, bombarded with questions by his unseen captors about the location of a numbers station. Mason then recalls several events.

In 1961, Mason, Woods, and Bowman take part in Operation 40 to assassinate Fidel Castro in Cuba during the Bay of Pigs. Mason apparently succeeds and stays behind to protect the extraction plane, before being captured by the real Castro, having shot a double. Handed over to General Nikita Dragovich to be held captive at Vorkuta Gulag, Mason befriends inmate Viktor Reznov, the former Red Army soldier. Reznov recounts to Mason the identities of his enemies, the same people involved in Mason’s torture: Dragovich, his right-hand man Lev Kravchenko, and ex-Nazi scientist Friedrich Steiner, who defected to the Soviet Union.

In October 1945, Reznov and Dimitri Petrenko were sent to extract Steiner from a Nazi base in the Arctic. Dragovich later betrayed them by testing Steiner's creation, a nerve agent known as "Nova-6", on Petrenko and other soldiers in a ship. Reznov was spared the same fate when British commandos, also attempting to acquire Nova-6, attacked the Soviets. During the confusion, Reznov destroyed the Nova-6 and escaped. However, the Soviets recreated it using Steiner and a British scientist, Daniel Clarke. Mason and Reznov later spark a prisoner uprising to escape the gulag. One month later, President John F. Kennedy meets Alex and authorizes a mission to assassinate Dragovich.

In November 1963, Mason, Woods, Bowman and Weaver are dispatched to Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakh SSR to disrupt the Soviet space program and eliminate members of "Ascension", a Soviet program giving sanctuary to Nazi scientists in exchange for their knowledge. Weaver is captured and Kravchenko stabs out his left eye. Mason and his team rescue him and destroy the Soyuz spacecraft, while Woods apparently kills Dragovich, though Mason believes him to be alive.

In 1968, the team are sent to Vietnam. After defending Khe Sanh, they recover a dossier on Dragovich from a Russian defector in Hue during the Tet Offensive. Mason finds the defector is none other than Reznov. They then penetrate Laos to recover a Nova-6 shipment from a downed Soviet plane. At the crash site the plane collapses and they are captured by Viet Cong and Spetznaz infiltrators. Bowman is executed, while Woods and Mason hijack an Mi-24 Hind and rescue Reznov at Kravchenko's base before confronting Kravchenko himself. Woods sacrifices himself to kill Kravchenko after he pulls out a grenade.

Meanwhile, Hudson and Weaver interrogate Clarke in Kowloon. Clarke reveals the location of a hidden facility in Mount Yamantau before being killed by Dragovich's men. Hudson and Weaver move to destroy the facility and receive a transmission from Steiner requesting to meet at Rebirth Island, as Dragovich has begun killing loose ends. Mason and Reznov head there to assassinate Steiner at the same time, succeeding just as Hudson and Weaver arrive. Mason is adamant that Reznov executed Steiner, but Hudson had witnessed Mason carrying out the act alone.

At this point, Hudson and Weaver are revealed as Mason's interrogators. Dragovich has communist sleeper cells placed all over the United States which, when ordered by the numbers broadcast, will release the Nova-6 gas. As a result, the U.S. is preparing a retaliatory strike on the Soviet Union, which will lead to a full scale war. Hudson needed Steiner to abort the gas launch but after his death only Mason has any knowledge of the numbers station. Hudson reveals that Dragovich brainwashed Mason to understand the numbers broadcasts, effectively making him a Soviet sleeper agent. It is revealed that the real Reznov never escaped and died during the Vorkuta break out, and that the Soviet defector was later dead in Hue. Mason’s visions of Reznov are a result of a dissociative disorder caused by the traumatic brainwashing program. Prior to the Vorkuta breakout, Reznov had secretly met and reprogrammed Mason to assassinate Dragovich, Kravchenko and Steiner for what they did to him and for killing Petrenko and his comrades, instead of Mason's original aim to kill President Kennedy. Mason finally remembers the station location, a Russian cargo ship called Rusalka off the coast of Cuba.

An assault on the Rusalka begins, with Mason and Hudson infiltrating the underwater submarine and broadcast station protected by the ship, intended to be used for an invasion of the U.S. after the planned Nova-6 attack. Confirming that the Rusalka is the numbers station, Hudson calls in the US Navy to destroy the ship and its underwater base. Mason and Hudson finally confront Dragovich in the lower levels of the facility. Dragovich taunts Mason and hints at his hand in assassinating Kennedy but Mason drowns him and escapes.

Archive footage of President Kennedy prior to his assassination is shown, revealing Mason in the crowd, suggesting that Mason actually assassinated President Kennedy.

 Call of Duty: Black Ops contains fifteen single player levels.

  1.     "Operation 40" - Escape police forces and assassinate Fidel Castro.
  2.     "Vorkuta" - Participate in the Vorkuta prison break.
  3.     "U.S.D.D." - Tour the Pentagon and meet John F. Kennedy.
  4.     "Executive Order" - Rescue Weaver and stop the launch of the Soyuz 2.
  5.     "S.O.G." - Defend the Khe Sanh military camp.
  6.     "The Defector" - Extract the Russian defector.
  7.     "Numbers" - Escape Dragovich's men with Dr. Clarke.
  8.     "Project Nova" - Extract Steiner and destroy the ship containing Nova 6.
  9.     "Victor Charlie" - Battle Viet Cong forces in the Vietnamese jungle.
  10.     "Crash Site" - Locate the downed Soviet cargo plane containing Nova 6.
  11.     "WMD" - Infiltrate a Soviet base in the Ural Mountains.
  12.     "Payback" - Escape the Viet Cong complex and confront Kravchenko.
  13.     "Rebirth" - Relive the efforts to extract Steiner from both Mason and Hudson's perspectives.
  14.     "Revelations" - Discover the truth behind the numbers.
  15.     "Redemption" - Destroy the broadcast station and confront Dragovich. 
The game is worth to play, it doesn't get's more real like it.